Day: March 7, 2019

Nephron Sparing Surgery For Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma in Horseshoe Kidney

INTRODUCTION Horseshoe kidney is perhaps the most frequent variation of kidney fusion. It occurs in 0.25{abffe3e1318a9624791ae4064333f2f75374704dc13d09152fd440b16c9e1c0c} of the population and was described for the first time in 1521 by Jacopo Berengario da Carpi. It consists of two kidneys joined at their lower poles by parenchymatous or fibrous tissue called isthmus. It is more frequent in men with a 2:1 male/female… Read more →

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