One of the most infection prone regions in our body is the urinary tract which includes urethra, bladder, ureters and the kidneys. Cystitis is urinary bladder inflammation which can be caused by a lot reasons but it is mostly caused by bacterial infection of urinary tract and is commonly called as urinary tract infection. E.coli bacteria are foremost cause for urinary tract infections but even other bacteria, fungi and parasites may also be responsible. Women are more prone to urinary tract infections than men due to their anatomy and over 30 to 40 percent of the women have the possibility of getting infected at least ones in their life time. When the infection affects the lower urinary tract it is known as simple cystitis(bladder infection) and when it affect the upper urinary tract it is known as pyelonephritis(kidney infection).
The prominent symptoms of cystitis are pressure in the lower pelvis, painful urination, frequent urination or urgent need to urinate, need to urinate at night, urine that contains traces of blood, dark, cloudy or strong smelling urine, pain above the pubic bone, or in the lower back or abdomen, feeling unwell, weak or feverish, lower back pain, Burning sensation at the time of urination and When children have cystitis they may have any of the symptoms listed above, plus vomiting and general weakness. Sub types of cystitis are traumatic cystitis, interstitial cystitis, eosinophilic cystitis, haemorrhagic cystitis and cystitic cystica. In elder people due to their weaker immune systems the possibility of the infection spreading to the kidneys are more.
The treatments for cystitis are many but usual if it’s a minor infection it is cured on its own in a few days. But with major infections the treatments are varied and they can be 3-day short treatment of antibiotics like amoxicillin, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin and few others, consuming lot of fluids to flush the bacteria out of the body, avoiding alcohol, sodium citrate and potassium citrates also ease the pain and cranberry juice might be a good remedy to avoid re infection as they have high on D mannose and tannins. If you are pregnant then consulting a doctor is the best thing to do.
They say that prevention is better than cure so some of the preventive measure one should take to avoid Cystitis are making sure that the toilet you use is clean and hygienic especially if it is a public toilet, people with catheters should make sure that it clean and infection free, urinate completely by draining out the urine completely, maintain hygiene after sexual intercourse, avoid tight underwear and pant, if you feel the need to urinate than rather than postponing it go and do it and wear cotton underwear. Some of the ways to diagnose cystitis by the doctor are by asking for the symptoms and sending the urine sample to be cultured or dipstick may be used, If there is inflammation then doctor will identify the red and white blood cells or protein at the time of dipstick test after which he will prescribe the medicines accordingly. With a good knowledge and some preventive measures you can avoid the infections so take care of your health to see a better tomorrow.