More than a million Americans die from heart disease each year. One of the main reasons that heart disease, high blood cholesterol levels. Cholesterol plays an important role in many biochemical processes, but is best known for heart and vascular diseases, with a high level of cholesterol in the blood.
Konrad Bloch and Feodor Lynen shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the discovery of cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism and regulation mechanism in 1964.
Cholesterol is (a combination steroid and alcohol) and found in all tissues of the body cell membrane lipids sterols. It is transported in the blood plasma of all animals. The average amount of in the blood depends on the age, typically rising gradually until one is about 60 years old.
In recent years, somewhat imprecise term “bad was used to refer to LDL (low density lipoprotein), which, according to the lipid hypothesis, it is believed to be harmful actions, and “good cholesterol”, contact the HDL (high density lipoprotein), it is to have a positive action.
The American Heart Association provides guidelines for tota evels and the risk of coronary heart disease. It is desirable LDL level is considered to be less than 100 mg / dl. However, in 1987. The National Cholesterol Education Program report shows the total blood level should be less than 200 mg / dL normal blood when is 200 to 239 mg / dl is considered borderline high, and higher than 240 mg / dl is considered high blood levels.
Conditions with elevated concentrations of oxidized LDL particles are associated with the formation of fatty deposits on the arteries, a condition known as atherosclerosis, which is considered as a major cause of coronary heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases forms the walls.
However, on the contrary, if LDL particle number is low and a large percentage of the HDL particles are large, then the formation of fatty deposits on the artery walls are usually small, and may even be negative, because any total concentration.
Cholesterol is found in animal fats: all food containing animal fat, is Plants have a small amount of cholesterol, so even a vegan diet, which includes no animal products, cholesterol trace.
Cholesterol is not necessarily dietary origin, it can be turned into the liver from unburned food metabolites. The liver converts unburned food metabolites into very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) and releases into the bloodstream, where they are converted to low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particles and fatty acids, which may affect other cells of the body. It seems that levels in people because of seasonal variations in unburned food metabolites of is higher in the winter.
Cholesterol is required to build and maintain cell membranes, it regulates membrane fluidity wider temperature range. Cholesterol also aids in the production of bile (which is stored in the gallbladder and helps digest fats), and is also an important fat-soluble vitamins, including vitamins A, D, E and K metabolism
Cardiologists suggest that society needs to change his diet. Reduce levels by reducing saturated animal fats and increasing polyunsaturated fat. Lowering is a good start, but it is far from being all that you need.
Common Vitamins and over the counter products can help with high , such as vitamin C, lecithin, pectin, Garlic, EPA, Niacin and phytosterols.
Vitamin C has been proven to fight deposits in the arteries. Within a few hours after you get vitamin C patients showed blood blood downturn.