Information on Fibromyalgia – Learn About That How Can Treat

Fibromyalgia is a disease characterized by long-term, widespread pain in muscles and bones, the sensitivity of some counts in the soft tissues (muscles and tendons) and severe malaise and fatigue. Patients experience pain, with no clear localization, deep in the body, muscle and bone. The pain is very subjective. Pain is felt on both sides of the body and arms and legs.

Patients complain of poor sleep, and in the morning to be unwilling and tired, because their sleep did not bring refreshment and relaxation. The other main problems are the severe fatigue and weakness causing decreased physical ability. Patients often complain of general symptoms such as headaches and numbness. Have a feeling that their arm or leg numb and swollen, even though the island is not really present. These symptoms cause anxiety, depression.

Fibromyalgia is a syndrome of pain throughout the body that can cause pain on pressure. If you are a woman, this may also mean pain during menstruation and heavy bleeding as well. If you have such a situation may also suffer from persistent fatigue, and frequent headaches.

Epidemiology of fibromyalgia

Fibromyalgia occurs in 2 percent of the general population. Is more common in women than in men at a ratio of 9:1. Most often diagnosed between 20 and 50 years, although it may begin in childhood.

Etiology of fibromyalgia

Uzoci fibromyalgia are unclear. Most scientists agree that fibromyalgia is a disorder of central processing with neuroendocrine / neurotransmitter deregulation.

A large number of scientific studies showing multiple physiological variation in patients with fibromyalgia, such as increased levels of substance P in the spinal cord, low blood flow in the thalamus, hypo function hypothalamic – pituitary – adrenal axis, low levels of serotonin and tryptophan and abnormalities in cytokine function.

The psychiatric point of view the important results of studies showing that mild or moderate cognitive impairment is present in 83{abffe3e1318a9624791ae4064333f2f75374704dc13d09152fd440b16c9e1c0c} of patients, while the present mood was reduced in 80{abffe3e1318a9624791ae4064333f2f75374704dc13d09152fd440b16c9e1c0c} of patients with fibromyalgia. When these people are also very often present an increased anxiety and emotional instability lines of different degrees.

It is necessary to exclude chronic fatigue syndrome and fibromyalgia vary from depression (which assists in the presence or absence of painful points).

Treatment is symptomatic of fibromyalgia, including painkillers, antidepressants, muscle relaxants, hypnotics, and benzodiazepines. Since antidepressants are used trick antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (usually paroxetine, sertraline, fluoxetine) and inhibitors of mixed storage. It is believed that the most effective inhibitors were mixed and the “safest”, especially duloxetine and venlafaxine. Some research has shown the effectiveness of gabapentin in reducing pain, but also in improving sleep disturbances and other symptoms. Emphasized the importance of psychotherapy. The following general measures are recommended enough sleep, eating well, relaxation techniques and stress reduction, exercise, along with reduced intake of caffeine and alcohol.

Opt for green leafy vegetables and fruits in your diet and reduce the fat meal. Avoid the temptation of fast food and make sure you give yourself a healthy diet forever. Reduce alcohol, caffeine and many other bad habits that you may have.